The first arrivals were a force of 1,000 men led by George Armstrong Custer to investigate reports that the area contained gold, even though the land was owned by the Sioux. The area was considered sacred by the Sioux and they refused to sell. Deadwood, one of the West's most famous mining camps, draws characters like Wild Bill Hickok, Calamity Jane and Potato Creek Johnny. Find an answer to your question What happened in the Black Hills in 1874 mirandamendoza mirandamendoza 11/26/2016 History High School +5 pts. After conquering the Cheyenne in 1776, the Lakota took the territory of the Black Hills, which became central to their culture. The Black Hills Expedition (1874) was led by Lieutenant Colonel George Armstrong Custer through modern day North and South Dakota. The lode deposits that fed the rich placers at Deadwood were staked, and the Homestake Mine went on to become the largest gold mine in the United States, and one of the most important mineral discoveries in the world. They're buried in historic Deadwood's Mount Moriah Cemetery. By 1876, gold fever spreads throughout the Hills. The Black Hills Gold Rush began in 1874, when placer gold was discovered in the gravels at French Creek. The Treaty of Fort Laramie in 1868 guaranteed First Nations ownership of the Black Hills but gold was discovered in 1874. In order to secure the area for exploitation the US government engaged in … To this day, ownership of the Black Hills remains the subject of a legal dispute between the U.S. government and the Sioux. Native Americans have a long history in the Black Hills. 1874. The struggle for control of the Black Hills region is a story in itself. He reported that he discovered gold in the area. In 1868, the U.S. government signed the Fort Laramie Treaty of 1868, establishing the Great Sioux Reservation west of the Missouri River, and exempting the Black Hills from all white settlement forever. However, after the discovery of gold there in 1874, the United States confiscated the land in 1877. The following year the United States government attempted to buy the Black Hills for six million dollars. --The woman's Christian Temperance Union was founded. The fabled Black Hills of South Dakota are an uplifted island of pine-clad mountains rising from the Great Plains.With their impressive pinnacles, mysterious geologic formations, and dense forests, the area provides a number of picturesque views, hiking opportunities, ghost towns, National Parks and state parks, and a wealth of history in this region of stark contrasts. In 1872, Secretary of the Interior Columbus Delano, in part, set the stage for the expedition to the Black Hills. So in 1877 the federal government seized the hills illegally. --The discovery of gold brought thousands of gold seekers into the Black Hills reservation in the Dakota Territory. 1876 If one were to pick a defining moment in the story of the Black Hills coming under the control of the United States, it would likely be the Custer Expedition of 1874. The Great Sioux War of 1876, also known as the Black Hills War, was a series of battles and negotiations which occurred in 1876 and 1877 between the Lakota Sioux, Northern Cheyenne, and the United States.It began after Gold had been discovered in the Black Hills, settlers began to encroach onto Native American lands. 1874 --The worst grasshopper plague in U. S. history scourged the Great Plains from the Dakotas to northern Texas. The U.S. government had instructed Custer to undertake the expedition with the objective of finding a suitable location for a new military fort. 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